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Author Black, Joel E., author.

Title Structuring Poverty in the Windy City : Autonomy, Virtue, and Isolation in Post-Fire Chicago / Joel E. Black.

Publication Info. Lawrence, Kansas : University Press of Kansas, [2019]


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe 3rd Floor Stacks  305.5691109 B561s 2019    ---  Available
Description xi, 259 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
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unmediated n rdamedia
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Summary "The Great Chicago Fire in October 1871 destroyed 2,600 acres and left tens of thousands without housing, food, fuel, or clothing. In the aftermath the mayor handed all relief duties to the commercial elite at the Chicago Relief and Aid Society. This was, as Joel E. Black's provocative study shows, a critical decision--one that ensured that Chicago's physical rebuilding would be coupled with an equally ambitious rebuilding of the city's poor, as reformers, social scientists, and journalists set out to interpret and define Chicago's jobless, wayward, and migrating populations. What emerged from this effort was a new form of social and quasi-governmental authority based on poverty--a web of political and legal theories and practices rooted in the conditions of the poor. This authority is the subject of Structuring Poverty in the Windy City. In the decades after the Chicago Fire, the process begun by the Relief and Aid Society would expand outward--from jobless men to workingwomen to southern African American migrants, each defined by, and defining, poverty. Drawing on local newspapers, magazines, commissions, and legal decisions and documents from archives in Chicago, Black tells the stories of "tramps," sex workers, and migrants caught within the structures of poverty; he also describes the legal and social order compelling their reform to the strictures of that selfsame order. As it reveals the central role of the impoverished in the creation of a legal order, Black's book stresses the effect of social ideas on legal thinking, which was reflected in the policies of the New Deal and, even now, in the politics of poverty and social engineering."-- Provided by publisher.
"By digging through local newspapers, magazines, city reports, legal decisions, and archival materials, Joel E. Black tells the stories of the "tramps," sex workers, and migrants who found themselves caught within structures of poverty--the web of theories, policies, institutions, and practices that shaped a social order identifying who was poor and thus at the mercy of those who, in an effort to rebuild Chicago, claimed authority over their existence and compelled them to conform. Structuring Poverty looks at how the forces of institutional poverty operated on the ground in Progressive Era Chicago, and how these structures set the stage for similar efforts in the New Deal"-- Provided by publisher.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Introduction: Structures of Poverty -- Rise: Vagrancy, Poverty, and the Makings of an Order -- Autonomy: Compelling "Tramps" to Jobs and Homes -- Virtue: Trading in Sex and Wages -- Isolation: Quarantine and the Legacy of Migration -- Fall: Gangster "Tramps," Contracting Women, and the "New Negro" -- Epilogue: The New Deal's Social Origins.
Subject Poor -- Illinois -- Chicago.
Chicago (Ill.) -- History -- 19th century.
Chicago (Ill.) -- History -- 20th century.
Poor. (OCoLC)fst01071040
Illinois -- Chicago. (OCoLC)fst01204048
Chronological Term 1800-1999
Genre/Form History. (OCoLC)fst01411628
ISBN 9780700628001 (hardback)
9780700628018 (paperback)
9780700628025 (ebook)

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