Part 1. Sympathy and the spirit of capitalism. Sympathy and spectacle in Dickens's "A Christmas carol" -- Detecting the beggar : Arthur Conan Doyle, Henry Mayhew, and the construction of social identity -- part 2. Fear of falling. Under cover : sympathy and ressentiment in Gaskell's Ruth -- Isabel's spectacles : seeing value in East Lynne -- part 3. The aesthtics of cultural identity. Consenting to the fact : body, nation, and identity in Daniel Deronda -- Embodying culture : Dorian's wish.