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Author McIntyre, W. David (William David), 1932- author.

Title Winding up the British Empire in the Pacific Islands / W. David McIntyre.

Publication Info. Oxford, UK ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2014.


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe 2nd Floor Stacks  995 M189w 2014    ---  Available
1 copy being processed for Axe Acquisitions Order.
Edition First edition.
Description xvii, 278 pages : map ; 24 cm.
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Series The Oxford history of the British Empire companion series
Oxford history of the British Empire companion series.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Summary "Winding Up the British Empire in the Pacific Islands is the first detailed account, based on recently-opened archives, of when, how, and why the British Government changed its mind about giving independence to the Pacific Islands. As Britain began to dissolve the Empire in Asia in the aftermath of the Second World War, it announced that there were some countries that were so small, remote, and lacking in resources that they could never become independent states. However, between 1970 and 1980 there was a rapid about-turn. Accelerated decolonization suddenly became the order of the day. Here was the death warrant of the Empire, and hastily-arranged independence ceremonies were performed for six new states - Tonga, Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Kiribati, and Vanuatu. The rise of anti-imperialist pressures in the United Nations had a major role in this change in policy, as did the pioneering examples marked by the release of Western Samoa by New Zealand in 1962 and Nauru by Australia in 1968. The tenacity of Pacific Islanders in maintaining their cultures was in contrast to more strident Afro-Asia nationalisms. The closing of the Colonial Office, by merger with the Commonwealth Relations Office in 1966, followed by the joining of the Commonwealth and Foreign Offices in 1968, became a major turning point in Britain's relations with the Islands. In place of long-nurtured traditions of trusteeship for indigenous populations that had evolved in the Colonial Office, the new Foreign & Commonwealth Office concentrated on fostering British interests, which came to mean reducing distant commitments and focussing on the Atlantic world and Europe."--Publisher's website.
Contents 'Imperialism, as such, is a newly coined word': Empire and Oceania -- 'The task of "Empire un-building" is a difficult one': decolonization -- 'Britain's withdrawal east of Suez is also a withdrawal west of Panama': the end in the Pacific: when, why, and how? -- 'A dramatic and liberal gesture': Attlee's secret Smaller Territories Enquiry, 1949-51 -- 'Limbo', 'mezzanine status', and 'independence minus': self-government within the Commonwealth -- 'Something of a profit and loss account': Macmillan's Audit of Empire and aftermath, 1957-60 -- 'The Cold War Front is advancing upon Oceania': pressures from the United Nations, 1960-61 -- 'To complete the process of decolonization as soon as possible': Whitehall's response to the UN Declaration, 1962-64 -- 'Coming to the most difficult period of decolonization': The Lady Margaret Hall Conference, 1965 -- 'A line would have to be drawn somewhere': Oceania and the paradox of the expanding United Nations, 1965-68 -- 'The British Empire is past history': retreat from 'never' land begins: Tonga and Fiji, 1970 -- 'Independence and self-government have the same value': self-determination for Niue, 1970-74 -- 'It is more blessed to go than be pushed': the 1973 Programme Analysis and Review -- 'To encourage Australia and New Zealand to take a larger share': The Anzac role in decolonization -- 'Liquidating colonial arrangements with as much speed as could be decently mustered': accelerated decolonization: Solomon Islands -- 'We cannot now apply the brakes': accelerated decolonization: the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, 1975-78 -- 'The most difficult pre-independence conference we have had for a Pacific territory': accelerated decolonization: Kiribati and Banaba, 1968-79 -- 'The dying art of decolonization is difficult to pursue in a condominium': accelerated decolonization: New Hebrides.
Subject Decolonization -- Islands of the Pacific.
Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Oceania.
Oceania -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain.
Decolonization. (OCoLC)fst00889115
Diplomatic relations. (OCoLC)fst01907412
Great Britain. (OCoLC)fst01204623
Oceania. (OCoLC)fst01242982
Pacific Ocean -- Islands of the Pacific. (OCoLC)fst01244201
ISBN 9780198702436

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