Description 
1 online resource 

text txt rdacontent 

computer c rdamedia 

online resource cr rdacarrier 
Bibliography 
Includes bibliographical references and index. 
Summary 
Gibbs' Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes reviews the socalled Gibb's Paradox observed during the mixing of two systems. During the last 150 years, many physicists and specialists in thermodynamics, statistical and quantum mechanics been engaged in the solution of the Gibbs paradox. Many books and journal articles have written on this topic, but a widely accepted answer is still lacking. In this book, the author reviews and analyzes all this data. Based on findings, the book formulates a different approach to this paradox and substantiates it on the basis of physical and statistical principles. The book clearly shows that entropy consists of two parts, static and dynamic. Up to now, entropy has been connected only with the process dynamics. However, the Gibbs paradox is caused by the change in the static component of entropy. Finally, the book includes examples of separation processes and how to optimize them in various fields, including biology, cosmology, crystallography and the social sciences. 
Contents 
Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Peculiarities of Thermodynamic Regularities Formation  1. Character of the Development of Heat Conversion Science  2. Substantiation of the Validity of Boltzmann's Theory  ch. 2 Brief Review of Thermodynamic Regularities  1. Preliminary Notes  2. The First Law  Energy Conservation Principle  3. The Second Law of Thermodynamics  4. Carnot Cycle  5. Formulation of the Notion of Entropy  6. Statistical Substantiation of Entropy  ch. 3 The Gibbs Paradox and Attempts of Its Solution  1. Essence of the Paradox  2. Analysis of Attempts to Solve the Gibbs Paradox  3. Operational Approach to the Paradox Solution  4. Informational Approach to the Gibbs Paradox Solution  5. Problems of Industrial Separation of Gas Mixtures  ch. 4 Solution of the Gibbs Paradox and Related Problems  1. Physical Substantiation of Entropy Jump  2. Entropy Dimension  3. Certain Properties of Entropy of a Mixture  ch. 5 Available Quality Criteria for Separation Processes  1. Quality Criteria Generation  2. Other Indices of the Process Completion  3. Criteria Differing From Hancock's Method  4. CriteriaFree Methods of Separation Processes Optimization  5. Optimization of Separation Processes by Fractional Extraction Curves  6. Properties of Fractional Separation Curves  ch. 6 Generalized Optimization Criterion for Separation Processes  1. Probabilistic Interpretation of Mixture Components  2. Uncertainty of Mixture Composition  3. Separation Efficiency  4. Optimality Condition for Binary Mixtures Separation by the Entropy Criterion  ch. 7 Multistage Separation Mechanism  1. Fractions Over the Cascade Stages  2. Proportional Model of Cascade Separation  3. Discrete Model  4. Principal Relationships of the Model  5. Fractional Extraction into Fine Product  6. Analysis of Mathematical Model of Regular Cascade  7. Separation at Cyclic Feed of the Initial Material into a Cascade Apparatus  8. Absorbing Markov's Chain in Cascade Separation of Bulk Materials  9. Mathematical Model of Cascade Separation With Arbitrary Distribution Coefficients  ch. 8 Practical Application of the Obtained Results  1. Separation of Binary Mixtures  2. Multiproduct Separation  3. Algorithms of Optimization of Separation into n Components  3.1. Optimization of Separation into Four Components  4. Optimality Conditions for Multiproduct Separation  ch. 9 Analysis of the Obtained Results and Summingup  1. Extension of the Insight into Some Aspects of Entropy Parameter  2. Some Fundamental Aspects of Entropy  3. Conclusion. 
Subject 
Gibbs' paradox.


Separation (Technology)


Paradoxe de Gibbs.


Séparation (Technologie)


SCIENCE  Energy.


SCIENCE  Mechanics  General.


SCIENCE  Physics  General.


Gibbs' paradox. (OCoLC)fst00942534


Separation (Technology) (OCoLC)fst01112723

Other Form: 
Print version: 0444639195 9780444639196 (OCoLC)971033028 
ISBN 
9780444639202 (electronic bk.) 

0444639209 (electronic bk.) 

0444639195 

9780444639196 
Standard No. 
AU@ 000059791662 

AU@ 000066135928 

CHBIS 011069390 

CHNEW 001014197 

CHVBK 499784650 

UKMGB 018235909 
