Kids Library Home

Welcome to the Kids' Library!

Search for books, movies, music, magazines, and more.

     
Available items only
E-Books/E-Docs

Title Ice caves / edited by Aurel Peroiu, Stein-Erik Lauritzen.

Publication Info. Amsterdam, Netherlands : Elsevier, [2018]

Copies

Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe Elsevier ScienceDirect Ebook  Electronic Book    ---  Available
Edition First edition.
Description 1 online resource : illustrations
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Summary Ice Caves synthesizes the latest research on ice caves from around the world, bringing to light important information that was heretofore buried in various reports, journals, and archives largely outside the public view. Ice caves have become an increasingly important target for the scientific community in the past decade, as the paleoclimatic information they host offers invaluable information about both present-day and past climate conditions. Ice caves are caves that host perennial ice accumulations and are the least studied members of the cryosphere. They occur in places where peculiar cave morphology and climatic conditions combine to allow for ice to form and persist in otherwise adverse parts of the planet. The book is an informative reference for scientists interested in ice cave studies, climate scientists, geographers, glaciologists, microbiologists, and permafrost and karst scientists. Covers various aspects of ice occurrence in caves, including cave climate, ice genesis and dynamics, and cave fauna. Features an overview of the paleoclimatic significance of ice caves. Includes over 100 color images of ice caves around the world.
Note Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed December 12, 2017).
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: pt. I PERENNIAL ICE ACCUMULATIONS IN CAVES: OVERVIEW -- ch. 1 Introduction -- ch. 2 History of Ice Caves Research -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. First Historical Reports on Ice Caves Worldwide -- 2.3. Development of the Terminology Related to Ice Caves -- 2.4. History of Ice Caves Theories -- 2.5. First Systematical Investigations -- 2.6. Conclusions -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 3 Ice Caves Climate -- 3.1. Air Circulation -- 3.2. Air Temperature and Humidity -- 3.3. Conclusions -- A Conceptual Model of Ice Caves Climate -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 4 Ice Genesis, Morphology and Dynamics -- ch. 4.1 Ice Genesis and Types of Ice Caves -- 4.1.1. Cave Glaciation -- 4.1.2. Reasons and Conditions of Cave Glaciation -- 4.1.2.1. Origin of Natural Cavities -- 4.1.2.2. Common Preconditions of Caves Glaciation -- 4.1.2.3. Conditions of Cave Glaciation -- 4.1.2.4. Stability of Cave Glaciation -- 4.1.2.5. Interaction of Cave Glaciation With The Earth's Surface -- 4.1.3. Ice Genesis in Ice Caves -- 4.1.3.1. Zones of Ice Formation in Caves -- 4.1.3.2. Snow-Ice Formations -- 4.1.3.3. Classification of Snow-Ice Formations in Caves -- 4.1.3.4. Details of Ice Structure in Caves of Different Morphologies -- 4.1.3.5. Chemical Composition of Snow-Ice Formations in Caves -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 4.2 Ice Surface Morphology -- 4.2.1. Introduction -- 4.2.2. Ice Surfaces in Caves: Formation, Spatial Position, and Duration -- 4.2.3. Large-scale Morphology of Ice Bodies in Caves -- 4.2.4. Small-Scale Ice Morphologies -- 4.2.4.1. Long-Lasting Forms -- 4.2.4.2. Ephemeral Ice Forms -- 4.2.5. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 4.3 Ice Dynamics in Caves -- 4.3.1. Introduction -- 4.3.2. Subannual Dynamics -- 4.3.2.1. Hoar Frost -- 4.3.2.2. Ice Speleothems (Stalagmites, Stalactites, and Columns) -- 4.3.3. Multiannual to Centennial Ice Dynamics -- References -- ch. 5 Dating Cave Ice Deposits -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Dating Methods -- 5.2.1. Direct Dating -- Layer Counting -- 5.2.2. Indirect Dating -- 5.3. Some Practical Aspect -- 5.3.1. Sample Selection for Radiocarbon Dating: The Bigger, the Better? -- 5.3.2. Potential Method -- Cryogenic Cave Carbonate (CCC) Layers -- 5.4. Conclusion or What is the Recommended Dating Strategy in Cave Ice Profiles? -- Acknowledgements -- References -- ch. 6 Cryogenic Mineral Formation in Caves -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Freezing of Mineralized Aqueous Solutions in Caves -- Theoretical Principles and Subdivision of the Environments -- 6.3. Cryogenic Minerals Related to Rapid Freezing of Low-TDS Water in Limestone Caves -- 6.4. Cryogenic Carbonates (CCCcoaise) Formed by Slow Freezing of Low-TDS Water in Limestone Caves -- 6.5. Cryogenic Cave Minerals Related to Rapid Freezing of High-TDS Water in Gypsum Caves -- 6.6. Stable Isotope Characteristics of Cryogenic Cave Minerals -- Acknowledgments -- References -- ch. 7 Ice Cave Fauna -- ch. 8 Microbial Life in Ice Caves -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Sample Collection -- 8.3. Microbial Abundance -- 8.4. Bacterial Communities -- 8.4.1. Uncultured Bacteria -- 8.4.2. Cultured Bacteria -- 8.4.3. Isolated Bacterial Strains -- 8.5. Archaeal Communities -- 8.6. Fungal Communities -- 8.7. Diatoms -- 8.8. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 9 Paleoclimatic Significance of Cave Ice -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Cave Glaciers and Their Age -- 9.3. Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotope Composition of Ice -- 9.4. Organic Remains Trapped in Ice -- 9.5. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- ch. 10 Management of Ice Show Caves -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Show Cave Management With Special Reference to the Eisriesenwelt in Austria -- 10.3. Management From a Historical Perspective -- 10.4. Key Elements of Ice Show Cave Management -- 10.4.1. Pathways -- 10.4.2. Lighting -- 10.4.3. Maintenance/Cleaning -- 10.4.4. Visitor Management -- 10.5. Management of Nature Conservation -- 10.5.1. Mechanical Interference -- 10.5.2. Increase in Cave Temperature Caused by Visitors -- 10.5.3. Influence of Developmental Measures on the Biological System of Caves -- 10.6. Further Aspects of Cave Management -- 10.6.1. Safety -- 10.6.2. Training -- 10.6.3. Marketing -- 10.7. Scientific Research -- 10.8. Postscript -- Further Reading -- pt. II ICE CAVES OF THE WORLD -- ch. 11 Geography of Cave Glaciation -- ch. 12 Ice Caves in Switzerland -- 12.1. Introduction -- 12.2. Historical Considerations on Ice Caves -- 12.3. State of Knowledge -- 12.4. Selected Ice Caves -- 12.4.1. Jochloch -- A High-Elevation Cave Within the Permafrost Zone -- 12.4.2. Diablotins Ice Cave -- A Dynamically Ventilated Ice Cave -- 12.4.3. Monlesi Ice Cave -- A Statodynamic Ice Cave With Congelation Ice -- 12.4.4. St-Livres Ice Cave -- A Typical Cold Air Trap (Static Cave) With Firn Deposit -- 12.4.5. Further Investigation Sites -- 12.5. Conclusion -- References -- ch. 13 Ice Caves in Austria -- 13.1. Introduction -- 13.2. Ice Cave Research -- 13.3. Types of Ice Caves in Austria -- 13.4. Distribution of Ice Caves in Austria -- 13.5. Examples of Ice Caves in Austria -- 13.5.1. Eisriesenwelt -- 13.5.2. Schonberg-Hohlensystem -- 13.5.3. Dachstein-Mammuthohle -- 13.5.4. Hundsalm Eis- und Tropfsteinhohle -- 13.6. Outlook -- Acknowledgments -- References -- ch. 14 Ice Caves in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina -- 14.1. Introduction -- 14.2. Basic Physical and Geographical Characteristics of Montenegro -- 14.2.1. Relief -- 14.2.2. Geotectonic Relations With Lithological Basis -- 14.2.3. Main Relief Unities -- 14.3. Ice Caves in the Durmitor Mountains -- 14.3.1. Group of Facilities of Obla Glava Vicinity -- 14.3.2. Area of Veliki Stuoc -- 14.3.3. Facilities in the Zone of Vjetrena Hills -- 14.4. Ice Caves in the Prokletije Mountains -- 14.4.1. General Information About Caves -- 14.4.2. Ice Caves in the Prokletije Mountains -- 14.5. Ice Caves of Bosnia and Herzegovina -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 15 Ice Caves in Canada -- 15.1. Introduction and History -- 15.2. Cave Ice Science in Canada -- 15.3. Selected Ice Caves -- 15.3.1. Yukon Territory -- 15.3.2. Northwest Territories (NT) -- 15.3.3. Walkin-Ice Cave, Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, and Northwest Territories -- 15.3.4. Rocky Mountains, Alberta-British Columbia -- 15.4. Conclusions/Future Work -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 16 Ice Caves in Croatia -- 16.1. Introduction -- 16.2. Croatian Ice Cave Terminology -- 16.3. Historical Overview -- 16.4. Economical Valorization of Ice Caves in the Past -- 16.5. Geographical Distribution of Ice Caves in Croatia -- 16.6. Ice Cave Microclimates -- 16.7. Glaciochemical and Ice Mass Balance Researches of Cave Ice in North Velebit Mt -- 16.7.1. Research Locations -- 16.7.2. Cave Ice Sampling and Drilling -- 16.7.3. Tritium Concentrations in Cave Ice -- 16.7.4. Stable Isotope Compositions of the Cave Ice -- 16.7.5. Elemental Concentration of the Cave Ice -- 16.7.6. Ice Mass Balance Estimation -- 16.7.7. Estimation of Cave Ice Age -- 16.8. Influence of Pleistocene Glaciation on Caves (Velebit Mt.) -- Acknowledgment -- References -- Further Reading -- ch.
17 Ice Caves in Germany -- 17.1. Introduction -- 17.1.1. Historical Notes on Ice Caves -- 17.2. Geography of Ice Caves in Germany Today -- 17.2.1. Climate -- 17.3. Ice Cave Sites in Germany -- 17.3.1. Hochkalter -- 17.3.2. Reiteralm -- 17.3.3. Untersberg -- 17.3.4. Steinernes Meer and Hagengebirge -- 17.3.5. Hoher Goll -- 17.4. Systematic Ice Cave Research in Germany -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 18 Ice Caves in Greece -- 18.1. Introduction -- 18.2. Setting -- 18.2.1. Geological Setting -- 18.2.2. Climate of Greece -- 18.2.3. Caves in Greece -- 18.2.4. Selected Ice Caves -- 18.2.5. Climatic Conditions in the Vicinity of Falakro, Olympus, Tymfi, and Lefka Ori Mountains -- Acknowledgements -- References -- ch. 19 Ice Caves in Italy -- 19.1. Introduction -- 19.2. Distribution of Ice Caves in Italy -- 19.3. Some Examples of Ice Cave Studies in Italy -- 19.3.1. Abisso sul margine dell'alto Bregai, Mnt. Grigna Settentrionale, Lombardy -- 19.3.2. Vasto and Leupa, Mnt. Canin, Friuli Venezia Giulia -- 19.3.3. Grotta del Gelo, Mnt. Etna, Sicily -- 19.4. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 20 Ice Caves in Iran -- 20.1. Introduction -- 20.2. Ghar Yakh-Morad, an Ice Cave in the Alborz Mountains -- 20.2.1. Glaciation in Alborz Mountains -- 20.2.2. Ghar Yakh-Morad -- 20.2.3. Ghar Yakh Dena, an Ice Cave in the Zagros Mountains -- 20.2.4. Glaciation in the Zagros Mountains -- 20.2.5. Dena Ice Cave -- 20.3. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 21 Ice Caves in Asia -- 21.1. Asia -- 21.2. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Countries -- 21.3. Kazakhstan -- 21.3.1. Ledyanoj Paportnik Cave -- 21.4. Uzbekistan -- 21.4.1. Baysun Tau Ridge -- 21.4.2. Khodj a Gur Gur Ata karst massif -- 21.4.3. Plateau Kyzyl-Shavar -- 21.4.4. Plateau Kyrk-Tau -- 21.5. Tajikistan -- 21.5.1. Zeravshanskij Ridge -- 21.5.2. Pamir -- 21.6. Turkey -- 21.6.1. Aladaglar massif -- 21.7. India -- 21.7.1. Amarnath Cave (Holy Cave).
Note continued: 21.8. China -- 21.8.1. Cave Ningwu -- 21.8.2. Ice Cave Vudalyanchi (Lava Ice Cave of Heihe) -- 21.8.3. Underground Ice Cave -- 21.8.4. Ice Cave -- 21.8.5. Gubingdong Cave (Ancient Ice Cave) -- 21.9. Japan -- 21.9.1. Fuji Ice Cave (Fuji Fuketsu) -- 21.10. Mongolia -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 22 Ice Caves in FYR of Macedonia -- 22.1. Introduction -- 22.2. History of Exploration and Sources of Information -- 22.3. Jakupica Massif -- 22.3.1. Slovacka Jama -- 22.3.2. Solunska Jama -- 22.3.3. Lednik -- 22.3.4. Solunska Jama -- 22.3.5. Other Ice Caves on Jakupica Massif -- 22.4. Krcin Mountain -- 22.5. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 23 Ice Caves in Norway, Fennoscandia and the Arctic -- 23.1. Introduction -- 23.2. Norway -- 23.2.1. Svarthammarhola -- 23.2.2. Greftkjelen -- 23.2.3. Salthølene -- 23.2.4. RJR -- 23.2.5. Isgrotta, Glomdal -- 23.3. Sweden -- 23.3.1. Iskristallgrottan -- 23.4. Finland -- 23.4.1. Ice Cave on the Korkia-Maura Island -- 23.5. Iceland -- 23.6. Svalbard and Greenland -- 23.7. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- ch. 24 Ice Caves in Poland -- 24.1. Introduction -- 24.2. History of Discovery, Exploration, and Research of Ice Caves: An Outline -- 24.3. Distribution, Dimensions, and Types of Ice Caves -- 24.4. Microclimatic Conditions in Polish Ice Caves -- 24.5. Ice Types -- 24.5.1. Congelation Ice -- 24.5.2. Recrystallized Snow -- 24.5.3. Hoarfrost -- 24.6. Age of Cave Ice -- 24.7. Organisms Dwelling in Ice Caves -- 24.8. Subfossil Organic Remains in Ice Caves -- 24.9. Ice Dynamics -- Acknowledgments -- References -- ch. 25 Ice Caves in Romania -- 25.1. Introduction -- 25.2. Ice Cave Research -- 25.3. Ice Caves in Romania -- 25.3.1. Ice Caves in Retezat Mountains -- 25.3.2. Ice Caves in Apuseni Mountains -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 26 Ice Caves in Russia -- 26.1. History of Research on Caves With Ice in Russia -- 26.1.1. General Description of Caves With Ice in Region -- 26.2. Ice caves in Crimea -- 26.2.1. Cave Bolshoj Buzluk (Buzluk-Koba, Ledyanaya Cave) -- 26.2.2. Tryekhglazka Cave (Ledovaya, Vorontsovskaya Cave) -- 26.3. Caucasus -- 26.3.1. Ledyanaya Cave -- 26.3.2. Snezhnaya-Mezhennogo-Illuziya-Banka Cave System -- 26.3.3. Shaft of Martel -- 26.3.4. Shaft of Vakhusti Bagrationi -- 26.3.5. Cave Skhvava -- 26.3.6. Cave Boga -- 26.4. Ice Caves in the Russian Plain -- 26.5. Ice Caves in the Nizhnij Novgorod Area -- 26.5.1. Kholodnaya Cave (Ledyanaya) -- 26.5.2. Balahoninskaya Cave -- 26.5.3. Bornukovskaya Cave -- 26.6. Ice caves in the Arkhangelsk Area -- 26.6.1. Kulogorskaya Cave System (Cave Kulogorskaya-Troya) -- 26.6.2. Golubinskij Proval Cave -- 26.7. Ice caves in the Priuralie and Ural -- 26.7.1. Cave of V.N. Chernetsov -- 26.7.2. Cave Academicheskaya (Yanganape-3) -- 26.8. Ice caves in the Northern Ural -- 26.8.1. Ledyanaya Cave -- 26.8.2. Yeranka Cave -- 26.8.3. Medeo Cave -- 26.8.4. Ledyanaya Cave (D'yavolskoe Gorodishe) -- 26.8.5. Mariinskaya (Gubakhinskaya) Cave -- 26.8.6. Kungurskaya Ice Cave -- 26.8.7. Askinskaya Cave -- 26.8.8. Cave Kinderlinsky (30 Anniversary of Victory) -- 26.8.9. Kutukskaya-1 -- 26.9. Ice caves in Altaj -- 26.9.1. Kul'dyukskaya Cave -- 26.9.2. Oroktojskaya (Ajgarinskaya) Cave -- 26.10. Ice caves in Kuznetsk Ala Tau -- 26.10.1. Bidzhinskaya Cave (Ledyanaya) -- 26.10.2. Cave Krest (Syjskaya) -- 26.11. Ice caves in the Sayan Mountains -- 26.11.1. Bol'shaya Onotskaya Cave -- 26.11.2. Ledopadnaya Cave -- 26.12. Ice caves in Pribaikalye and Transbaikalia -- 26.12.1. Bajdinskie Caves and Cave Mechta -- 26.12.2. Cave System Aya-Ryadovaya -- 26.12.3. Botovskaya Cave -- 26.12.4. Okhotnich'ya Cave -- 26.12.5. Lenskaya Ledyanaya Cave -- 26.13. Ice caves in Transbaikalia and the Far East -- 26.13.1. KheetejCave -- 26.14. Ice caves in the Far East -- 26.14.1. Priiskovaya Cave (Sinegorskaya-2 or Zolotaya) -- 26.14.2. Starogo Medvedya Cave -- 26.14.3. Cave Kholodil'nik (Polarnaya) -- 26.14.4. Ledyanaya Malyutka Cave -- 26.14.5. Cave Abagy-Dzhe (Zhilishche Chyerta, Abakhty-Diete) -- 26.14.6. Steregushee Kop'ye Cave -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 27 Ice Caves in Serbia -- 27.1. Introduction -- 27.2. History of Research -- 27.3. Types of Ice Caves in Serbia -- 27.3.1. Perennial Ice Caves -- 27.3.2. Occasionally Perennial Ice Caves -- 27.3.3. Seasonal Ice Caves -- 27.4. Outline of Temperature Dynamics -- 27.5. Conclusions -- References -- ch. 28 Ice Caves in Spain -- 28.1. Introduction -- 28.2. History of Research -- 28.3. Ice Caves in Spain -- 28.3.1. Ice Caves in the Teide Volcano (Canary Island) -- 28.3.2. Ice Caves in the Pyrenees -- 28.3.3. Ice Caves in the Cantabrian Mountains -- 28.4. State of the Art of the Studies of the Main Spanish Ice Caves -- 28.4.1. Techniques and Methods Carried Out in the Study of Ice Caves of Spain -- 28.4.2. Dynamics and Evolution of Ice Caves -- 28.4.3. Palaeoenvironmental Implications of Ice Caves -- 28.5. Concluding Remarks -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 29 Ice Caves in Slovakia -- 29.1. Introduction -- 29.2. Karst Areas and Caves in Slovakia -- 29.3. Geographical Distribution of Ice Caves -- 29.4. Most Significant Ice Caves -- 29.4.1. Dobsinska L'adova Jaskyna Cave (Dobsina Ice Cave) -- 29.4.2. Demanovska L'adova Jaskyna Cave (Demanova Ice Cave) -- 29.4.3. Silicka L'adnica Cave (Silica Ice Cave) -- 29.4.4. Vel'ka L'adova priepast: na Ohnisti Abyss (Great Ice Abyss on the Ohniste) -- 29.4.5. L'adova priepast: Abyss (Ice Abyss) -- 29.5. Ice Caves Disturbed by Human Influences -- 29.6. Ice Caves and Nature Protection -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 30 Ice Caves in Slovenia -- 30.1. History of Ice Cave Exploration -- 30.2. Ice Caves -- 30.3. Important Ice Caves -- References -- Further Reading -- ch. 31 Ice Caves in the USA -- 31.1. Introduction -- 31.2. Northeastern USA -- 31.3. Northern Rocky Mountains -- Montana, Wyoming, Idaho -- 31.4. Central Rocky Mountains -- Utah -- 31.5. Colorado -- 31.6. New Mexico -- 31.7. California -- 31.8. Washington -- 31.9. Hawaii -- References -- Further Reading.
Subject Ice caves.
Ice caves -- Pictorial works.
Climatology.
Glacières (Géomorphologie)
Glacières (Géomorphologie) -- Ouvrages illustrés.
SCIENCE -- Earth Sciences -- Geography.
SCIENCE -- Earth Sciences -- Geology.
Climatology. (OCoLC)fst00864281
Ice caves. (OCoLC)fst00966541
Genre/Form Electronic books.
illustrated books.
Illustrated works. (OCoLC)fst01423873
Pictorial works. (OCoLC)fst01423874
Illustrated works.
Ouvrages illustrés.
Added Author Peroiu, Aurel, editor.
Lauritzen, Stein-Erik, editor.
Other Form: Print version: Ice caves. Amsterdam, Netherlands : Elsevier, ©2018 xxii, 729 pages 9780128117392
ISBN 9780128118573 (electronic bk.)
0128118571 (electronic bk.)
0128117397
9780128117392
9780128117392
Standard No. AU@ 000061502510

 
    
Available items only