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Author Louer, Laurence.

Title Transnational Shia politics : religious and political networks in the Gulf / Laurence Louer.

Imprint New York : Columbia University Press ; Paris : In Association with the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, c2008.


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe 3rd Floor Stacks  320.557 L927t 2008    ---  Available
Description vii, 326 p. : maps ; 23 cm.
Series Series in comparative politics and international studies
CERI series in comparative politics and international studies.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (p. 302-315) and index.
Contents Imposed states -- The Shias in the ambit of the state -- Meanwhile in Iraq -- From Iraq to the Gulf -- Societies face the Islamic revolution -- Exporting the revolution -- Politics is domestic -- Towards secularization?
Summary Laurence Louer, author of the critically acclaimed To Be an Arab in Israel, brings her extensive knowledge of the Middle East to an analysis of the historical origins and present situation of militant Shia transnational networks. She focuses on three key countries in the gulf: Kuwait, Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia, whose Shia Islamic groups are the offspring of various Iraqi movements that have surfaced over recent decades. Louer explains how these groups first penetrated local societies by espousing the networks of Shiite clergymen. She then describes the role of factional quarrels and the Iranian revolution of 1979 in defining the present landscape of Shiite Islamic activism in the Gulf monarchies. The reshaping of geopolitics after the Gulf War and the fall of Saddam Hussein in April 2003 had a profound impact on transnational Shiite networks. New political opportunities encouraged these groups to concentrate on national issues, such as becoming fierce opponents of the Saudi monarchy. Yet the question still remains: How deeply have these new beliefs taken root in Islamic society? Are Shiites Saudi or Bahraini patriots? Louer's book also considers the transformation of Shia movements in relation to central religious authority. While they strive to formulate independent political agendas, Shia networks remain linked to religious authorities (marja) who reside either in Iraq or Iran. This connection becomes all the more problematic should the marja also be the head of a state, as with Iran's Ali Khamenei. In conclusion, Louer argues that the Shia will one day achieve political autonomy, especially as the marja, in order to retain transnational religious authority, begin to meddle less and less in the political affairs of other countries.
Subject Shi`ah -- Political aspects.
Islam and state -- Persian Gulf Region.
ISBN 9780231700405 (cloth : alk. paper)
0231700407 (cloth : alk. paper)

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