Includes bibliographical references (p. 260-266) and index.
Introduction -- Why Pakistan? history and ideology -- Who is Pakistani? culture and identity -- The burden of Islam: the sacralization of politics -- The dilemmas of development: the uncertainties of change -- Between crescent and sword: professionalizing Jihad -- Demons from abroad: enemies and allies -- Epilogue.
"Farzana Shaikh argues that though external influences and domestic politics have unquestionably shaped Pakistan, an uncertainty about the meaning of Pakistan and the significance of "being Pakistani" lies at the heart of the state's social and political decline. Drawing on extensive research into the origins and evolution of the country, Shaikh follows the forces of culture and ideology that pressured Indo-Muslims in the years leading up to Partition and continue to resonate throughout the country."--BOOK JACKET.