Reconciling ecosystem-based management and focal resource conservation in the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument [electronic resource] / John N. Kittinger ... [et al.].
Silver Spring, Md. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, 
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Executive summary -- Key words -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Reconciling conflicting mandates in the Monument -- 3. Application to planning and management of the NWHI: marine spatial planning -- 4. Conclusions -- 5. Acknowledgements -- 6. References.
Case study using the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument as an example of how co-managers currently implement ecosystem-based management (EBM) into large-scale MPA management. University of Hawaii at Manoa graduate students working with Monument staff proposed a planning and management approach to better integrate EBM and conservation of focal resources via a prioritization process that identifies biological, cultural and social resources through a stakeholder process that can aid protected area management.