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Author Levine, Bruce C., 1949-

Title The spirit of 1848 : German immigrants, labor conflict, and the coming of the Civil War / Bruce Levine.

Publication Info. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, 1992.


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe Special Collections Baron  973.0431 L578s 1992    ---  Lib Use Only
Description xiv, 378 pages ; 24 cm.
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Series The Working class in American history
Working class in American history.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 349-356) and index.
Summary "Immigrants and their children became the chief component of the U.S. working class during the nineteenth century. Bruce Levine examines the early years of this social transformation, focusing on German-born craft workers and the key roles they played in the economic and political life of the wage-earning population of antebellum America. Interweaving themes often treated separately--immigration, industrialization, class formation, and the political polarization over slavery--Levine sheds new light on the development of the working class, the nature and appeals of partisan politics, and the conflicts that led to sectional war." "This study begins by carefully delineating the European background of these emigrants, especially their involvement in the economic, political, and cultural developments that culminated in the revolution of 1848. It then follows them to the New World, where it locates them within the multi-class German-American population. The author subtly analyzes the deepening political divisions within German-America, differentiating conservative, liberal, radical-democratic, and Marxist currents. At the same time, Levine explores the distinctive role that German-American workers played in American society at large--notably, in the multi-ethnic antebellum labor movement and in popular responses to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, the rise of the Republican party, and the outbreak of sectional war." "Throughout, Levine stresses the way in which European memories, traditions, and values conditioned (and were reshaped by) the immigrants' encounter with industrial, political, and cultural realities in their new land." "The volume concludes with a discussion of the legacy of the radical craftworker milieu in postbellum decades and an assessment of later attempts to ignore or minimize this aspect of German-American and American working-class history."
"The Spirit of 1848 offers much new information and insight concerning craftwork, the nature of the antebellum labor movement (including the great New York City tailors' strike of 1850), the meaning of nativism, the significance of the push for land reform, the diverse character of the free-soil movement, and the popular appeals of both the Democratic and Republican parties."--Jacket.
Contents Introduction: "Either Social or Political Refugees" -- Part 1. Fleeing the Old World. "So Deeply Interwoven": General Crisis and Emigration -- "SociaI Freedom and Independent Existence": Labor and Revolution -- Part II. Adjusting to the New. "Where Nobody Need Be Poor": Immigrants and Industry in America -- "The Love of Liberty Is Almost a Religion": Political Unity and Dissension -- "It Is Time to Fight Again": The Organizations of Labor -- Part III. Slavery and the People's Land. Introduction: The Challenge of Kansas-Nebraska -- The Response in the East -- The Response in the West -- Part IV. "The Second Fight for Freedom". "The Content of Freedom": Germans, Republicans, and Democrats -- "The Spirit of 1848": Nationality, Class, and the Fight for Votes -- "When Poor Men's Sons Must Sacrifice": The War and Beyond.
Subject German Americans -- History -- 19th century.
Working class -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
United States -- History -- 1849-1877.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Social aspects.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- German Americans.
German Americans. (OCoLC)fst00941308
Social aspects. (OCoLC)fst01354981
Working class. (OCoLC)fst01180418
United States. (OCoLC)fst01204155
American Civil War (United States : 1861-1865) (OCoLC)fst01351658
Chronological Term 1800-1899
Genre/Form History. (OCoLC)fst01411628
ISBN 0252018737
Standard No. 9780252018732

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