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Author Milligan, Michael R.

Title Calculating wind integration costs [electronic resource] : separating wind energy value from integration cost impacts / Michael Milligan and Brendan Kirby.

Imprint Golden, Colo. : National Renewable Energy Laboratory, [2009]


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe Federal Documents Online  E 9.16:NREL/TP-550-46275    ---  Available
Description 1 online resource (24 p.) : ill.
Series Technical report ; NREL/TP-550-46275
NREL/TP ; 550-46275.
Note Title from title screen (viewed August 6, 2009).
"July 2009."
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (p. 24).
Summary Over the past several years, there has been substantial progress in understanding the impact that wind energy has on power system operation and costs (Smith, et. al., 2007). Because of wind's variability and uncertainty, there has been widespread interest in quantifying the increase in ancillary services required to integrate wind over various time scales.While the scope and sophistication of wind integration studies has increased substantially, methods to estimate integration cost for wind often result in the mixing of value and cost. This arises because of the proxy resource assumptions that are often used in the reference case with no wind. In this paper, we explore this issue by first developing a simple example, and applying prices from the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO). We also investigate the impact on ramping of various proxy resources, and then look at some alternative proxy resources proposed by EnerNex as part of the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS).
Funding WER95501
Subject Distributed resources (Electric utilities) -- Costs.
Wind power -- Economic aspects.
Added Author Kirby, Brendan.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
Other Form: Paper version: Milligan, Michael R. Calculating wind integration costs. 24 p. (OCoLC)666365107
Gpo Item No. 0430-P-03 (online)
Sudoc No. E 9.16:NREL/TP-550-46275

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