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Author Moore, Brian C. J., author.

Title Auditory processing of temporal fine structure : effects of age and hearing loss / Brian C.J. Moore.

Publication Info. New Jersey : World Scientific, [2014]


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe EBSCO Clinical Nursing E-Book  Electronic Book    ---  Available
Description 1 online resource : illustrations
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Online resource; title from PDF title page (viewed Apr. 10, 2014).
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Ch. 1. Processing of sound in the auditory system and neural representation of temporal fine structure. 1.1. Introduction and overview. 1.2. The representation of signals in terms of ENV and TFS. 1.3. Analysis of sound in the cochlea. 1.4. The hair cells and transduction in the cochlea. 1.5. Responses of single neurons in the auditory nerve. 1.6. Effects of hearing loss on the processing of sounds. 1.7. Possible ways in which hearing loss and ageing might affect the neural coding of TFS -- ch. 2. The role of TFS in masking. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. Detection cues in masking. 2.3. The detection of signals in fluctuating maskers. 2.4. The role of TFS in the ability to hear out partials in complex sounds. 2.5. The role of TFS in masking for hearing-impaired listeners. 2.6. Conclusions -- ch. 3. The role of TFS in pitch perception. 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. The perception of pitch for sinusoids. 3.3. The role of TFS for perception of pitch for complex sounds. 3.4. Conclusions -- ch. 4. The role of TFS in speech perception. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2. Types of vocoder processing and their pitfalls. 4.3 The role of ENV and TFS for speech perception. 4.4. Conclusions -- ch. 5. The influence of hearing loss and age on the binaural processing of TFS. 5.1. Introduction: Binaural cues for localisation and signal detection. 5.2. Effects of hearing loss and age on localisation and lateralisation. 5.3. The effects of hearing loss and age on the perception of binaural pitches. 5.4. The Effects of Hearing Loss and Age on MLDs. 5.5. Impact of impaired binaural TFS processing on spatial hearing for speech. 5.6. Conclusions -- ch. 6. Overview, conclusions and practical implications. 6.1. Overview of chapters 1-5. 6.2. Relevance of impaired TFS processing for hearing aids. 6.3. Acoustical requirements of places where hearing-impaired and older people meet and dine. 6.4. The use of background sounds in broadcasting and films. 6.5. Conclusions.
Summary The book is concerned with changes in the perception of sound that are associated with hearing loss and aging. Hearing loss affects about 7% of the population in developed countries, and the proportion is increasing as the average age of the population increases. The audiogram is the most widely used diagnostic tool in audiology clinics around the world. The audiogram involves measuring the threshold for detecting sounds of different frequencies. Sometimes the audiogram is the only diagnostic tool that is used. However, hearing problems are not completely characterized by the audiogram. Two individuals with similar audiograms may show very different abilities in the detection and discrimination of sounds at above-threshold levels. Also, a person may have hearing difficulties despite having an audiogram that is within the range conventionally considered as 'normal'. One factor that may influence the discrimination of sounds, especially the ability to understand speech in background sounds, is sensitivity to temporal fine structure (TFS). This monograph reviews the role played by TFS in masking, pitch perception, speech perception, and spatial hearing, and concludes that cues derived from TFS play an important role in all of these. Evidence is reviewed suggesting that cochlear hearing loss reduces the ability to use TFS cues. Also, the ability to use TFS declines with increasing age even when the audiogram remains normal. This provides a new dimension to the changes in hearing associated with aging, a topic that is currently of great interest in view of the increasing proportion of older people in the population. The study of the role of TFS in auditory processing has been a hot topic in recent years. While there have been many research papers on this topic in specialized journals, there has been no overall review that pulls together the different research findings and presents and interprets them within a coherent framework. This monograph fills this gap.
Subject Presbycusis.
Auditory perception.
MEDICAL -- Geriatrics.
MEDICAL -- Audiology & Speech Pathology.
Auditory perception. (OCoLC)fst00821281
Presbycusis. (OCoLC)fst01075512
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Other Form: Print version: Auditory Processing of Temporal Fine Structure 9789814579650 (OCoLC)866620560
ISBN 9789814579667 (electronic bk.)
9814579661 (electronic bk.)
Standard No. AU@ 000053186417
AU@ 000058200504
AU@ 000062105767
DEBBG BV043780705
DEBSZ 456559213
DEBSZ 472819186

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