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Author Altaweel, Mark, author.

Title Revolutionizing a world : from small states to universalism in the pre-Islamic Near East / Mark Altaweel and Andrea Squitieri.

Publication Info. London : UCL Press, 2018.


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe JSTOR Open Ebooks  Electronic Book    ---  Available
Description 1 online resource
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Print version record.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Summary This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East's social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book's argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as 'universalism', a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.
Contents Intro; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Preface; Contents; List of figures and tables; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Why this book?; 1.2 Central argument: universalism and its social foundations; 1.2.1 Definition of empire; 1.2.2 Research argument; 1.3 Universalism and ancient globalization; 1.4 Structure of presentation; 2 Historical overview; 2.1 From the Early Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age; 2.1.1 Early Bronze Age (3000-2000 BCE); 2.1.2 Middle Bronze Age (2000-1600 BCE); 2.1.3 Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (1600-1050 BCE); 2.1.4 The Early Iron Age (1050-800 BCE)
2.2 The Neo-Assyrian Empire (c. 800-612 BCE)2.3 Neo-Babylonians, Medes and others (626-550 BCE); 2.4 The Achaemenid Empire (559-330 BCE); 2.5 The Seleucid Empire and its contemporaries (312-64 BCE); 2.6 The Parthians and the Romans; 2.7 The Sasanian Empire and its contemporaries; 2.8 Towards cohesion; Notes; 3 Methods of analysis; 3.1 Archaeological surveys and measuring settlement structures; 3.1.1 Methodology: quantitative and qualitative interpretation; 3.1.2 Methodology: measuring settlement interaction; Background: approaches to spatial interaction modelling Spatial interaction entropy maximization details3.1.2.3 Further analysis of spatial interactions; Physical differences in settlements; 3.2 Material culture and measuring cultural change; 3.3 Other measures; 4 Settlement patterns and spatial interaction modelling; 4.1 Case study: Southern Mesopotamia; 4.2 Case study: the Khabur Triangle; 4.3 Case study: southwest Iran; 4.4 Case study: Central Anatolia; 4.5 Case study: western Syria, southern Anatolia and the Northern Levant; 4.6 Case study: the Southern Levant; 4.7 Summary; 5 The changing nature of cities and other settlements
5.1 Large pre-AoE cities5.1.1 Uruk; 5.1.2 Ur; 5.1.3 Ebla; 5.1.4 Mari; 5.1.5 Dur-Untash; 5.1.6 Hattusha; 5.1.7 Hazor and Southern Levant cities; 5.1.8 Amarna; 5.2 AoE cities; 5.2.1 Kalhu, Dur-Sharrukin and Nineveh; 5.2.2 Babylon; 5.2.3 Persepolis; 5.2.4 Ctesiphon; 5.2.5 Antioch; 5.2.6 Alexandria; 5.2.7 Dura Europos; 5.3 Spaces in between: the ruralization of the countryside; 5.4 Conclusion; 6 Long-distance trade and economy before and during the age of empires; 6.1 Long-distance trade in the pre-AoE; 6.2 Long-distance trade during the AoE; 6.2.1 The frankincense and myrrh trade
6.2.2 Pepper and the Indian Ocean trade6.2.3 Coinage; 6.3 Private corporations during the AoE; 6.4 Merchant colonies; 6.5 Speed of travel; 6.6 Conclusion: the factors that distinguish pre-AoE and AoE trade; 7 Material culture hybridization; 7.1 Background; 7.2 Material culture hybridization in the pre-AoE; 7.3 Material culture hybridization during the AoE; 7.3.1 The Iron Age and the Persian periods; 7.3.2 The Hellenistic and Roman-Parthian periods; 7.4 Conclusions; 8 The development of universal governments; 8.1 Pre-AoE governing; 8.1.1 City-states; 8.1.2 Empires; 8.2 Governing in the AoE
Subject Middle East -- History -- To 622.
Middle East -- Civilization -- To 622.
Human beings -- Migrations.
Ancient history: to c 500 CE.
Archaeology by period -- region.
Asian history.
Early history: c 500 to c 1450/1500.
General and world history.
History: earliest times to present day.
Middle and Near Eastern archaeology New.
Middle Eastern history.
Regional and national history.
Civilization. (OCoLC)fst00862898
Human beings -- Migrations. (OCoLC)fst00962853
Middle East. (OCoLC)fst01241586
Chronological Term To 622
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Electronic books.
History. (OCoLC)fst01411628
Added Author Squitieri, Andrea, author.
Other Form: Print version: ALTAWEEL, MARK. SQUITIERI, ANDREA. REVOLUTIONIZING A WORLD. [Place of publication not identified] : UCL PRESS, 2018 1911576658 (OCoLC)1005126378
ISBN 9781911576631 (electronic bk.)
1911576631 (electronic bk.)

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