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Author Davis, Paul K., 1943-

Title Implications of modern decision science for military decision-support systems / Paul K. Davis, Jonathan Kulick, Michael Egner.

Imprint Santa Monica, CA : Rand, Project Air Force, 2005.

Copies

Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe JSTOR Open Ebooks  Electronic Book    ---  Available
Description 1 online resource (xxiv, 156 pages) : illustrations
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
data file rda
Note "Prepared for the United States Air Force, approved for Public release; distribution unlimited."
"MG-360-AF"--Page [4] cover.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Summary Decision science concerns understanding human decisionmaking and methods and tools to assist it. The first concern includes the distinction between descriptive and prescriptive: how humans actually decide, versus how they should decide. Much of the early literature prescribed rational-analytic methods, such as embodied in systems analysis and policy analysis. The descriptive literature, however, has long noted that humans use heuristics (cognitive shortcuts), which are usually quite valuable, but which sometimes introduce unintended biases. Efforts have been made to improve decision support by "debiasing" the presentation of information. A newer literature on "naturalistic" decisionmaking, however, emphasizes the strengths of intuitive decisionmaking based on heuristics and questions the desirability of debiasing. Our study contrasts the schools of thought and suggests steps toward a synthesis. Ultimately, decision support should appeal to both the rational-analytic and the intuitive capabilities of the decisionmaker, with a balance of "cold" and story-based presentation of analysis and recommendations. The particular balance should depend on characteristics of the decision, the decision environment, and the decisionmaker. Our study also discusses new tools emerging for decision support, which include increasingly realistic models and simulations, such as virtual worlds, and new methods to help in the creative and imaginative aspects of strategic planning. Most important, we note modern methods, such as exploratory analysis, to encourage decisions and strategies that are flexible, adaptive, and robust so as to deal well with uncertainty.
Note Print version record.
Subject United States. Air Force -- Research.
United States. Air Force. (OCoLC)fst00538280
Air Force -- United States.
Military planning -- United States -- Decision making -- Data processing.
Decision support systems.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Military Science.
Decision support systems. (OCoLC)fst00889080
Military planning -- Decision making -- Data processing. (OCoLC)fst01021375
Armed Forces -- Research. (OCoLC)fst01351885
United States. (OCoLC)fst01204155
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Added Author Kulick, Jonathan, 1966-
Egner, Michael.
Other Form: Print version: Davis, Paul K., 1943- Implications of modern decision science for military decision-support systems. Santa Monica, CA : Rand, Project Air Force, 2005 0833038087 (DLC) 2005013419 (OCoLC)60419618
ISBN 9780833040886 (electronic bk.)
083304088X (electronic bk.)
9780833038081
0833038087
0833038087 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
Report No. RAND/MG-360-AF

 
    
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