Pretest. Parental age -- a pre-test for parenting -- I. Introduction. The art of parenting -- II. Models of parenting. The goals of parenting -- The process of parenting -- III. The skills of parenting. Parents as attenders -- Parents as responders -- Parents as personalizers -- Parents as initiators -- IV. The content of parenting. Parents as helpers -- Parents as teachers -- Parents as workers -- V. The developmental process. Helping the community grow -- Teaching parenting skills -- VI. Summary and conclusions. Productive parenting.