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Title Imported oil and U.S. national security / Keith Crane [and others].

Imprint Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2009.


Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe JSTOR Open Ebooks  Electronic Book    ---  Available
Description 1 online resource (xxiv, 101 pages) : color illustrations, color map
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
text file PDF rda
Series RAND Corporation monograph series
Rand Corporation monograph series.
Note Title from PDF title page (viewed May 11, 2009).
"Sponsored by the Institute for 21st Century Energy, U.S. Chamber of Commerce."
Summary Assesses economic, political, and military concerns arising from the United States' dependence on foreign oil.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 93-103).
Contents Introduction -- Oil markets and U.S. national security -- Oil as a foreign policy instrument -- Oil revenues, rogue states, and terrorist groups -- Incremental costs for U.S. forces to secure the supply and transit of oil from the Persian Gulf -- Policy options to address U.S. national security concerns linked to imported oil.
Summary In 2007, on a net basis, the United States imported 58 percent of the oil it consumed. This book critically evaluates commonly suggested links between these oil imports and U.S. national security. The major risk to the United States posed by reliance on oil is the economic costs of a major disruption in global oil supplies. On the other hand, the study found no evidence that oil exporters have been able to use embargoes or threats of embargoes to achieve key political and foreign policy goals. Oil revenues are irrelevant for terrorist groups' ability to launch attacks. The study also assesses the economic, political, and military costs and benefits of potential policies to alleviate challenges to U.S. national security linked to imported oil. Of these measures, the adoption of the following energy policies by the U.S. government would most effectively reduce the costs to U.S. national security of importing oil: (1) Support well-functioning oil markets and refrain from imposing price controls or rationing during times of severe disruptions in supply. (2) Initiate a high-level review of prohibitions on exploring and developing new oil fields in restricted areas in order to provide policymakers and stakeholders with up-to-date and unbiased information on both economic benefits and environmental risks from relaxing those restrictions. (3) Ensure that licensing and permitting procedures and environmental standards for developing and producing oil and oil substitutes are clear, efficient, balanced in addressing both costs and benefits, and transparent. (4) Impose an excise tax on oil to increase fuel economy and soften growth in demand for oil. (5) Provide more U.S. government funding for research on improving the efficiency with which the U.S. economy uses oil and competing forms of energy.--Publisher description.
Issued By Issued by: RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment and National Security Research Division.
Subject Petroleum industry and trade -- United States.
Petroleum industry and trade -- Government policy -- United States.
National security -- United States.
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS -- International -- Marketing.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- International Relations -- Trade & Tariffs.
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS -- International -- General.
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS -- Exports & Imports.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Public Policy -- Environmental Policy.
National security. (OCoLC)fst01033711
Petroleum industry and trade. (OCoLC)fst01059546
Petroleum industry and trade -- Government policy. (OCoLC)fst01059602
United States. (OCoLC)fst01204155
oil -- natural security -- USA.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Added Author Crane, Keith, 1953-
Rand Corporation.
Rand Corporation. National Security Research Division.
Rand Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (Organization)
Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America. Institute for 21st Century Energy.
Added Title Imported oil and US national security
Imported oil and United States national security
Other Form: Print version: Imported oil and U.S. national security. Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2009 9780833047007 (DLC) 2009010050 (OCoLC)314381682
ISBN 9780833047236 (electronic bk.)
083304723X (electronic bk.)
9780833047007 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
0833047000 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
Report No. RAND/MG-838-USCC
Standard No. AU@ 000051328982
DEBBG BV043074010
DEBSZ 42198922X
DEBSZ 449152855
GBVCP 1008652466
GBVCP 802841708

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