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Author Chin, David A., author.

Title Water-quality engineering in natural systems : fate and transport processes in the water environment / David A. Chin.

Imprint Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, 2013.

Copies

Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe Books 24x7 Engineering E-Book  Electronic Book    ---  Available
Edition Second edition.
Description 1 online resource.
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Engineering professional collection
Note Includes index.
Print version record and CIP data provided by publisher; resource not viewed.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction -- 1.1. Problem -- 1.2. Sources of Water Pollution -- 1.2.1. Point Sources -- 1.2.1.1. Domestic Wastewater Discharges -- 1.2.1.2. Combined Sewer Overflows -- 1.2.1.3. Stormwater Discharges -- 1.2.1.4. Industrial Discharges -- 1.2.1.5. Spills -- 1.2.2. Nonpoint Sources -- 1.2.2.1. Agricultural Runoff -- 1.2.2.2. Livestock -- 1.2.2.3. Urban Runoff -- 1.2.2.4. Landfills -- 1.2.2.5. Recreational Activities -- 1.3. Control of Water Pollution -- 2. Water Quality -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Physical Measures -- 2.2.1. Flow Conditions -- 2.2.2. Substrate -- 2.2.3. In-Stream Habitat -- 2.2.4. Riparian Habitat -- 2.2.5. Thermal Pollution -- 2.3. Chemical Measures -- 2.3.1. Dissolved Oxygen -- 2.3.2. Biochemical Oxygen Demand -- 2.3.3. Suspended Solids -- 2.3.4. Nutrients -- 2.3.4.1. Nitrogen -- 2.3.4.2. Phosphorus -- 2.3.5. Metals -- 2.3.6. Synthetic Organic Chemicals -- 2.3.6.1. Pesticides -- 2.3.6.2. Volatile Organic Compounds -- 2.3.7. Radionuclides -- 2.3.8. pH -- 2.4. Biological Measures -- 2.4.1. Human Pathogenic Microorganisms -- 2.4.2. Indicator Organisms -- 2.4.3. Biological Integrity -- Problems -- 3. Fundamentals of Fate and Transport -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Advection-Diffusion Equation -- 3.2.1. Nondimensional Form -- 3.2.2. Transformation to the Diffusion Equation -- 3.2.2.1. Conservative Tracers -- 3.2.2.2. Nonconservative Tracers with First-Order Decay -- 3.2.3. Moment Property of the Diffusion Equation -- 3.3. Fundamental Solutions of the Advection-Diffusion Equation -- 3.3.1. Diffusion in One Dimension -- 3.3.1.1. Spatially and Temporally Distributed Sources -- 3.3.1.2. Impermeable Boundaries -- 3.3.1.3. Continuous Plane Source -- 3.3.2. Diffusion in Two Dimensions -- 3.3.2.1. Spatially and Temporally Distributed Sources -- 3.3.2.2. Continuous Line Source -- 3.3.2.3. Continuous Plane Sources -- 3.3.3. Diffusion in Three Dimensions -- 3.3.3.1. Spatially and Temporally Distributed Sources -- 3.3.3.2. Instantaneous Point Source in Shear Flow -- 3.3.3.3. Continuous Point Source with Constant Diffusion Coefficient -- 3.3.3.4. Continuous Point Source with Variable Diffusion Coefficient -- 3.3.3.5. Instantaneous Line Source -- 3.3.3.6. Instantaneous Volume Source -- 3.4. Transport of Suspended Particles -- 3.5. Turbulent Diffusion -- 3.5.1. Relationship of Turbulent Diffusion Coefficient to Velocity Field -- 3.5.2. Eulerian Approximation -- 3.6. Dispersion -- Problems -- 4. Rivers and Streams -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Transport Processes -- 4.2.1. Initial Mixing -- 4.2.2. Longitudinal Dispersion -- 4.2.2.1. Field Measurement of KL -- 4.2.2.2. Empirical Estimates of KL -- 4.3. Models of Spills -- 4.3.1. Substances with First-Order Decay -- 4.3.1.1. Instantaneous Release -- 4.3.1.2. Continuous Release -- 4.3.2. Spills of Volatile Organic Compounds -- 4.4. Models of Dissolved Oxygen -- 4.4.1. Oxygen Demand of Wastewater -- 4.4.2. Reaeration -- 4.4.3. Streeter-Phelps Model -- 4.4.4. Other Considerations -- 4.4.4.1. Nitrification -- 4.4.4.2. Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Benthic Oxygen Demand -- 4.4.4.3. Distributed Sources of BOD -- 4.4.5. Chapra-Di Toro Model -- 4.4.6. Empirical Models -- 4.4.7. Numerical Models -- 4.5. Models of Nutrients -- 4.6. Models of Pathogens -- 4.7. Contaminant Loads -- 4.7.1. Total Maximum Daily Loads -- 4.7.1.1. Derivation of the Load Duration Curve -- 4.7.1.2. Applications of the Load Duration Curve -- 4.7.2. Long-Term Contaminant Loads -- 4.8. Management and Restoration -- 4.8.1. Nonstructural Techniques -- 4.8.2. Structural Techniques -- Problems -- 5. Groundwater -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Contaminant Sources -- 5.2.1. Septic Tanks -- 5.2.2. Leaking Underground Storage Tanks -- 5.2.3. Land Application of Wastewater -- 5.2.4. Irrigation Return Flow -- 5.2.5. Solid Waste Disposal Sites -- 5.2.6. Waste Disposal Injection Wells -- 5.2.7. Agricultural Operations -- 5.3. Fate and Transport Models -- 5.3.1. Instantaneous Point Source -- 5.3.2. Continuous Point Source -- 5.3.3. Continuous Plane Source -- 5.4. Transport Processes -- 5.5. Fate Processes -- 5.5.1. Sorption -- 5.5.2. First-Order Decay -- 5.5.3. Combined Sorption and Decay -- 5.5.4. Biocolloids -- 5.5.4.1. Conventional Colloid Filtration Theory -- 5.5.4.2. Modified Colloid Filtration Theory -- 5.5.4.3. Accounting for Dieoff -- 5.6. Nonaqueous Phase Liquids -- 5.6.1. Residual Saturation -- 5.6.2. Raoult's Law -- 5.6.2.1. Effects on Saturation Vapor Pressure -- 5.6.2.2. Effects on Saturation Concentration -- 5.6.2.3. Soil and Aquifer Samples -- 5.7. Monitoring Wells -- 5.8. Remediation of Subsurface Contamination -- 5.8.1. Remediation Goals -- 5.8.1.1. Vadose Zone -- 5.8.1.2. Saturated Zone -- 5.8.2. Remediation Strategies -- 5.8.2.1. Free Product Recovery -- 5.8.2.2. Excavation and Disposal -- 5.8.2.3. Soil Vapor Extraction -- 5.8.2.4. Bioventing -- 5.8.2.5. Air Sparging -- 5.8.2.6. Pump-and-Treat Systems -- 5.8.2.7. Bioremediation -- 5.8.2.8. In Situ Reaction Walls -- 5.8.2.9. In Situ Containment -- 5.8.2.10. Natural Attenuation -- Problems -- 6. Watersheds -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Urban Watersheds -- 6.2.1. Sources of Pollution -- 6.2.2. Fate and Transport Processes -- 6.2.2.1. Event Mean Concentration Model -- 6.2.2.2. Buildup-Wash-Off Models -- 6.2.3. Stormwater Control Measures -- 6.2.3.1. Source Control Measures -- 6.2.3.2. Hydrologic Modifications -- 6.2.3.3. Attenuation of Pollutants -- 6.2.3.4. Collection System Pollution Control -- 6.2.3.5. Detention-Retention Facilities -- 6.3. Agricultural Watersheds -- 6.3.1. Sources of Pollution -- 6.3.2. Fate and Transport Processes -- 6.3.2.1. Erosion -- 6.3.2.2. Soil Pollution -- 6.3.3. Best Management Practices -- 6.3.3.1. Cropping Practices -- 6.3.3.2. Integrated Pest Management -- 6.3.3.3. Nutrient Management -- 6.3.3.4. Terraces and Diversions -- 6.3.3.5. Critical Area Treatment -- 6.3.3.6. Sediment Basins and Detention-Retention Ponds -- 6.3.3.7. Animal Waste Storage and Treatment -- 6.3.3.8. Livestock Exclusion Fences -- 6.3.3.9. Filter Strips and Field Borders -- 6.3.3.10. Wetland Rehabilitation -- 6.3.3.11. Riparian Buffer Zones -- 6.3.3.12. Irrigation Water Management -- 6.3.3.13. Stream Bank Stabilization -- 6.3.3.14. Range and Pasture Management -- 6.4. Airsheds -- Problems -- 7. Lakes and Reservoirs -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Physical Processes -- 7.2.1. Circulation -- 7.2.2. Sedimentation -- 7.2.3. Light Penetration -- 7.3. Eutrophication -- 7.3.1. Biomass-Nutrient Relationships -- 7.3.2. Measures of Trophic State -- 7.3.3. Depth of Anoxia -- 7.4. Thermal Stratification -- 7.4.1. Layer Characteristics -- 7.4.2. Gravity Circulation -- 7.4.3. Water-Quality Impacts -- 7.4.4. Measures of Mixing Potential -- 7.4.4.1. Richardson Number -- 7.4.4.2. Densimetric Froude Number -- 7.4.5. Artificial Destratification -- 7.5. Water-Quality Models -- 7.5.1. Zero-Dimensional (Completely Mixed) Model -- 7.5.1.1. Conservation of Mass Model -- 7.5.1.2. Conservation of Energy Model -- 7.5.2. One-Dimensional (Vertical) Models -- 7.5.2.1. Conservation of Mass Model -- 7.5.2.2. Conservation of Energy Model -- 7.5.2.3. Estimation of the Vertical Diffusion Coefficient -- 7.5.3. Two-Dimensional Models -- 7.5.3.1. Nearshore Mixing Models -- 7.6. Management and Restoration -- 7.6.1. Control of Eutrophication -- 7.6.1.1. Control of Point Sources -- 7.6.1.2. Control of Nonpoint Sources -- 7.6.1.3. Chemical Treatments for Phosphorus -- 7.6.1.4. Limitation of Internal Loading -- 7.6.1.5. Limitation of Algal Development -- 7.6.2. Control of DO Levels -- 7.6.2.1. Artificial Circulation -- 7.6.2.2. Water Fountains -- 7.6.2.3. Hypolimnetic Aeration -- 7.6.2.4. Oxygen Injection -- 7.6.2.5. Pump-and-Baffle Aeration System -- 7.6.2.6. Snow Removal to Increase Light Penetration -- 7.6.3. Control of Acidity -- 7.6.4. Control of Aquatic Plants -- Problems -- 8. Wetlands -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Natural Wetlands -- 8.2.1. Classification -- 8.2.1.1. Marshes -- 8.2.1.2. Swamps -- 8.2.1.3. Bogs -- 8.2.1.4. Fens -- 8.2.2. Delineation of Wetlands -- 8.2.2.1. Vegetation -- 8.2.2.2. Soils -- 8.2.2.3. Hydrology -- 8.2.3. Water Budget -- 8.2.3.1. Net Surface Water Inflow -- 8.2.3.2. Net Groundwater Inflow -- 8.2.3.3. Evapotranspiration -- 8.3. Constructed Treatment Wetlands -- 8.3.1. Classification -- 8.3.1.1. Free Water Surface Wetlands -- 8.3.1.2. Horizontal Subsurface Flow Wetlands -- 8.3.1.3. Vertical Flow Wetlands -- 8.3.2. Design of FWS Wetlands -- 8.3.2.1. Hydrology and Hydraulics -- 8.3.2.2. Performance-Based Sizing -- 8.3.2.3. Other Considerations -- Problems -- 9. Oceans and Estuaries -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Ocean Outfall Discharges -- 9.2.1. Near-Field Mixing -- 9.2.1.1. Single Plumes -- 9.2.1.2. Line Plumes -- 9.2.1.3. Design Considerations -- 9.2.2. Far-Field Mixing -- 9.3. Estuaries -- 9.3.1. Classification of Estuaries -- 9.3.2. Water-Quality Issues -- 9.3.3. Salinity Distribution -- 9.3.4. Dissolved Oxygen: The Estuary Streeter-Phelps Model -- 9.3.5. Flow and Circulation -- 9.3.5.1. Flushing Time -- 9.3.5.2. Net Flow -- Problems -- 10. Analysis of Water-Quality Measurements -- 10.1. Introduction.
Subject Water quality management.
Water quality -- Measurement.
Water -- Pollution -- Measurement.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Hydraulics.
Water -- Pollution -- Measurement. (OCoLC)fst01171315
Water quality management. (OCoLC)fst01171900
Water quality -- Measurement. (OCoLC)fst01171854
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Other Form: Print version: Chin, David A. Water-quality engineering in natural systems. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, 2013 9781118078600 (DLC) 2012020901 (OCoLC)798615025
ISBN 9781118459379 (epub)
1118459377 (epub)
9781118459416 (pdf)
1118459415 (pdf)
9781118459409 (mobi)
1118459407 (mobi)
9781118459423
1118459423
9781118078600 (cloth)
1118078608
9781283700443
1283700441
Standard No. AU@ 000049638944
AU@ 000058199792
CHNEW 000619973

 
    
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