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Author Dobbins, James, 1942- author.

Title Overcoming obstacles to peace : local factors in nation-building / James Dobbins, Laurel E. Miller, Stephanie Pezard, Christopher S. Chivvis, Julie E. Taylor, Keith Crane, Calin Trenkov-Wermuth, Tewodaj Mengistu.

Publication Info. Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 2013.

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Location Call No. OPAC Message Status
 Axe JSTOR Open Ebooks  Electronic Book    ---  Available
Description 1 online resource (xliii, 304 pages) : color illustrations, color maps
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
data file rda
Series Rand Corporation monograph series
Rand Corporation monograph series.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Preface -- Figures -- Tables -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- Chapter 2. Which Local Factors Pose Challenges to Nation-Building? -- Factors That Raise the Risk of Conflict Renewal -- Civil War Onset -- Civil War Recurrence -- How Great Is the Risk of Recurrence? -- Structure of the Case Studies -- Tailoring Nation-Building to Local Factors -- Chapter 3. Cambodia -- Local Factors Before the Peace -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Nation-Building Efforts -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Outcomes -- Local Attitudes -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Conclusions -- What Local Factors Posed the Greatest Challenges? -- Were Local Factors Modified or Circumvented to Promote Enduring Peace? -- Chapter 4. El Salvador -- Local Factors Before the Peace -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Nation-Building Efforts -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Outcomes -- Local Attitudes -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Conclusions -- What Local Factors Posed the Greatest Challenges? -- Were Local Factors Modified or Circumvented to Promote Enduring Peace? -- Chapter 5. Bosnia and Herzegovina -- Local Factors Before the Peace -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Nation-Building Efforts -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Outcomes -- Local Attitudes -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Conclusions -- What Local Factors Posed the Greatest Challenges? -- Were Local Factors Modified or Circumvented to Promote Enduring Peace? -- Chapter 6. East Timor -- Local Factors Before the Peace -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Nation-Building Efforts -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Outcomes -- Local Attitudes -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Conclusions -- What Local Factors Posed the Greatest Challenges? -- Were Local Factors Modified or Circumvented to Promote Enduring Peace? -- Chapter 7. Local Factors Before the Peace -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Nation-Building Efforts -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Outcomes -- Local Attitudes -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Conclusions -- What Local Factors Posed the Greatest Challenges? -- Were Local Factors Modified or Circumvented to Promote Enduring Peace? -- Chapter 8. Democratic Republic of the Congo -- Local Factors Before the Peace -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Nation-Building Efforts -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Outcomes -- Local Attitudes -- Geographical and Geopolitical -- Cultural and Social -- Economic -- Political -- Institutional -- Conclusions -- What Local Factors Posed the Greatest Challenges? -- Were Local Factors Modified or Circumvented to Promote Enduring Peace? -- Chapter 9. Estimating the Challenges and Comparing with Outcomes -- Sustaining Peace -- Promoting Democracy -- Improving Governance -- Achieving Economic Growth -- Advancing Human Development -- Summing Up -- Chapter 10. Conclusions -- The Transformational Limits of Nation-Building -- Factors Crucial to Establishing Enduring Peace -- Geopolitics -- Patronage Networks -- The Impact of Geopolitics and Patronage Networks in 20 Cases -- Dissimilar Societies, Similar Instruments -- Establishing Realistic Expectations -- Appendixes. A. Performance Indicators and Nation-Building Inputs for 20 Major Post-Cold War Nation-Building Interventions -- B. Economic Growth Statistics for Nation-Building Interventions in Comparative Perspective -- References.
Ch. 1. Introduction -- Ch. 2 Which local factors pose challenges to nation-building? -- Ch. 3. Cambodia -- ch. 4. El Salvador -- Ch. 5. Bosnia and Herzegovina -- Ch. 6. East Timor -- Ch. 7. Sierra Leone -- Ch. 8. Democratic Republic of the Congo -- Ch. 9. Estimating the challenges and comparing with outcomes -- Ch. 10. Conclusions -- Appendix A. Performance indicators and nation-building inputs for 20 major post-Cold War nation-building interventions -- Appendix B. Economic growth statistics for nation-building interventions in comparative perspective.
Summary "This volume analyzes the impediments that local conditions pose to successful outcomes of nation-building interventions in conflict-affected areas. Previous RAND studies of nation-building focused on external interveners' activities. This volume shifts the focus to internal circumstances, first identifying the conditions that gave rise to conflicts or threatened to perpetuate them, and then determining how external and local actors were able to modify or work around them to promote enduring peace. It examines in depth six varied societies: Cambodia, El Salvador, Bosnia and Herzegovina, East Timor, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It then analyzes a larger set of 20 major post-Cold War nation-building interventions. The authors assess the risk of renewed conflict at the onset of the interventions and subsequent progress along five dimensions: security, democratization, government effectiveness, economic growth, and human development. They find that transformation of many of the specific conditions that gave rise to or fueled conflict often is not feasible in the time frame of nation-building operations but that such transformation has not proven essential to achieving the primary goal of nation-building -- establishing peace. Most interventions in the past 25 years have led to enduring peace, as well as some degree of improvement in the other dimensions assessed. The findings suggest the importance of setting realistic expectations -- neither expecting nation-building operations to quickly lift countries out of poverty and create liberal democracies, nor being swayed by a negative stereotype of nation-building that does not recognize its signal achievements in the great majority of cases."--Page 4 of cover.
Note Print version record and CIP data provided by publisher; resource viewed 1 Mar. 2013.
Subject Nation-building.
Nation-building -- Case studies.
Peace-building.
Democratization.
Reconstruction d'une nation.
Reconstruction d'une nation -- Études de cas.
Consolidation de la paix.
Démocratisation.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Peace.
HISTORY -- Asia -- Southeast Asia.
Democratization. (OCoLC)fst00890123
Nation-building. (OCoLC)fst01737474
Peace-building. (OCoLC)fst01055902
Befriedung
Demokratisierung
Friedenskonsolidierung
Nationenbildung
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Case studies. (OCoLC)fst01423765
Added Author Rand Corporation. National Security Research Division.
Other Form: Print version: Dobbins, James, 1942- Overcoming obstacles to peace 9780833078605 (DLC) 2013000701 (OCoLC)824088363
ISBN 9780833078636 (electronic bk.)
0833078631 (electronic bk.)
9780833078612 (electronic bk.)
0833078615 (electronic bk.)
9780833078629
0833078623
9780833078605 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
0833078607 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
Standard No. DEBBG BV043036701
DEBBG BV044177764
DEBSZ 397626592
DEBSZ 429970072
GBVCP 1008658200
NZ1 15025547

 
    
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